Children in Prison Project

Directed by Professor Paolo Annino

In 1997, the Children’s Advocacy Clinic created the Children in Prison Project in response to the wave of Florida children being swept into the adult criminal system. In 1995 alone, Florida placed 7,000 children into the adult criminal system. The primary goal of the Children in Prison Project is to ban the practice of placing children in adult prison. The Project focuses on children who received life sentences and other extreme sentences.

The Project has two dimensions: 1) individual representation of children in prison, and 2) law reform. The Project provides legal representation to individual children in adult prison with their particular post-conviction cases. Students represent children in prison in resentencing, clemency, judicial reviews, and in post-conviction motions and appeals. Two of the Project's clients who received a life sentence are now back in the community because of the zealous advocacy of FSU Law students.

The second dimension concentrates on systematically changing laws that impose life sentences on juveniles. For instance, the Children in Prison Project collected data from all 50 states and drafted an empirical report finding it “unusual” under the Eighth Amendment for a state to place a child in prison for life without parole for a non-murder crime. Based directly on the Children in Prison Project’s report, the United States Supreme Court in Graham v. Florida found the practice of imposing life without parole sentences for children who commit non-murder crimes unconstitutional. Based on Graham and subsequent U.S. Supreme Court cases, thousands of children have been released or had their sentences reduced.

News, Events & Student Scholarship

3L students, Zoe Chaskel and Christina Portuallo, visiting a
client at Lowell Correctional Institution, the largest women’s
prison in the world (2024).

Law Students - How to Apply for Enrollment

Students interested in enrolling in the Children in Prison Project should complete the PILC application and contact Professor Annino to schedule an interview. There is one prerequisite for this Project: the Children’s Advocacy Clinic course. Certified Legal Intern status is not required. 

A Major Victory

Ken and mother

Kenneth Young was 15 years old when he received four consecutive life without parole sentences. The Children in Prison Project has been advocating for Kenneth for 12 years: in 2009, filed Clemency packet; in 2010, filed Expert Report in Graham v. Florida; in 2011, first Resentencing Hearing; and in 2019, second Resentencing Hearing. A documentary entitled "15-to-Life" memorializes Kenneth’s story. Kenneth Young returned home from prison on July 1, 2021. We thank Mr. Young for teaching us the power of hope.


Student Testimonial

“Kenneth Young is a testament to the resiliency of the human spirit. The opportunity to work with him and the joy of seeing him released from prison were the highlights of my time in law school. I hope that Mr. Young's story is a catalyst for change in how we treat Florida's children."

- Emmalyn Dalton ('21)

about Lorem Ipsum

"Dalton outdoor headshot"